What is Classical Education?
Classical education is like a very large museum with many beautiful, wonder-filled rooms that could be studied over a lifetime. It is a long tradition of education that has emphasized the seeking after of truth, goodness, and beauty and the study of the liberal arts and the great books. What are the liberal arts? They are grammar, logic, rhetoric (the verbal arts of the trivium), arithmetic, geometry, music, and astronomy (the mathematical arts of the quadrivium). This approach to education also includes the study of Latin. The classical approach teaches students how to learn and how to think.
What makes classical education so effective? It is largely because of its approach to how and when students are taught. Regardless of their learning style, children learn in three phases or stages (grammar, logic or dialectic, and rhetoric), known as the trivium. In the grammar stage (K–6), students are naturally adept at memorizing through songs, chants, and rhymes. If you can get children in this stage to sing or chant something, they will remember it for a lifetime. In the dialectic or logic stage (grades 7–9), teenaged students are naturally more argumentative and begin to question authority and facts. They want to know the “why” of something—the logic behind it. During this stage, students learn reasoning, informal and formal logic, and how to argue with wisdom and eloquence. The rhetoric stage (grades 10–12) is naturally when students become independent thinkers and communicators. They study and practice rhetoric, which is the art of persuasive speaking and effective writing that pleases and delights the listener. Again, it is this approach to teaching students based on their developmental stage that makes this approach so very effective.
It is precisely this kind of education that has produced countless great leaders, inventors, scientists, writers, philosophers, theologians, physicians, lawyers, artists, and musicians over the centuries. Classical education never really disappeared, but it did diminish starting around 1900 with the advent of progressive education. In an effort to restore this most proven form of education, the K–12 liberal arts tradition has been being renewed and expanded again over the last thirty years. More than 500 classical schools (including private and charter schools) have started during that time, and tens of thousands of homeschooling families are educating with the classical approach.
Of course, there are many myths out there about this method of teaching and learning. The Ambrose School in Meridian, Idaho, has done a superb job of explaining four of the most common myths, which are: 1) It was fine back then, but we need modern education in a modern world. 2) My child is not intelligent enough to attend a classical school. 3) It is too extreme. 4) It is unnecessarily difficult or harsh. You can read the school’s responses to these myths here.
Would you like to go deeper in your understanding of classical education? Enjoy the first three videos of this Introduction to Classical Education course below with Dr. Perrin for free!
- Discover Classical Christian Education pamphlet: 10 minutes; general overview of classical education
- Introduction to Classical Education booklet (or free PDF): 45–60 minutes; history and distinctive elements of the trivium
- The Liberal Arts Tradition: A Philosophy of Christian Classical Education book: 4–5 hours; a second-level book offering a deeper dive into the trivium, quadrivium, and study of the liberal arts
- Awakening Wonder: A Classical Guide to Truth, Goodness, and Beauty book: 3–4 hours; history and development of these values and how they are essential to cultivating students
- Norms & Nobility book: 5–6+ hours; a college-level text looking at classical education from an administrative perspective
- ClassicalU.com: our self-paced online courses in classical education
- Pedagogical Principles PDF: An annotated list of key pedagogical principles that come to us from the classical tradition of education